Constantin Brancusi works

Masterpiece works (1911-1956)

From Gothic onwards, European sculpture was overgrown with "moss, weeds, all kinds of growths" that completely concealed the true form.It was Brancusi's mission to remove this surplus and bring us the consciousness form.
Some significant works from this period:

1911 - Prometheus
Brancusi PrometheusThe head of Prometheus is a small piece of marble, where the details of the portrait seem to be erased.
By gradually phasing out the details, the head of Prometheus came close to have a spheroidal shape, interrupted only by the subtle depth of the eyes, barely perceptibilele nose and mouth lines,
the shape of the ear and neck suddenly strangled.

1911 - George's portrait– Paris

1912 - The Muse – Paris

1912 - Penguins
Brancusi PenguinsThis work, done in white marble is another sculpture using the oval theme.
Brancusi's Penguins express a feeling of tenderness, they retain a human sense in their gentle movements. They seem like 2 close by humans
that are searching for mutual support. The Sculpture emanates a sense of trust, togetherness, solidarity.

1913 – A monument in the memory of Spiru Haret – Paris

1912-1933 - Miss Pogany
Brancusi Miss PoganyOne of the most famous works of Brancusi. The work was made in bronze after a specimen drawn from the Stork collection, it is a Romanian national symbol for modern art.
All our attention is drawn to this portrait, to its big eyes, to its mouth that is barely sketched, the fine nose, the strong arched eyebrows...everything seems so perfect.

1913 - The First Step

It is a work that was almost destroyed, the head is all that remains and it is known only by the photos made by Brancusi. It represents an event in Brancusi's life. While he was staying with the Farquhar family he takes little George, their son, and helps him make his first steps. The sculpture was destroyed in unknown circumstances and Brancusi never remade it. The head, the only part remaining was exposed in 1926 at the Brummer Gallery in New York.

1914/1 - Lespedea morman - Bagneux

1914 - The First Cry
Brancusi The First CryBrancusi transpose into bronze the head from The First Step, repeating almost exactly the plastics solutions of wood sculpture done in 1913 with natural differences imposed by the material.

1915 - Cariatida I si II – Paris

1915 - Prodigal Son
Brancusi Prodigal SonIt is a sculpture made in oak. The work suggests a character wearing a burden on his shoulders and leaning on earth.

1915 – Mica franceza – Paris

1916 - The Witch
Brancusi The WitchBrancusi carves The Witch from a forked trunk of a maple. The works has nothing evil in it.
Geist believes that the starting point of Brancusi's sculpture was Michelet's book, The Witch, written in 1862, a book known to be part of Brancusi's library.


1916 - The Kissing Column
Brancusi The Kissing ColumnIn 1916, the sculptor is first seen to be preoccupied with the idea of a real Kissing Column.
The Sculpture came to glorify love as the fulfillment in life.


1916 - Princess X
Brancusi Princess XIn 1920, Brancusi exposes Princess X in the Salon of the Independents.(The works created quite a scandal. The police intervened to compel him to withdraw his work on the grounds that it would be too indecent, being similar to a phallus).

1917 - Adam
Brancusi AdamIt is called by the critics the Geometry Monument. The head consists of zigzag elements suggests a kind of gasp up. The human body is crowned with a huge block of wood.
It was the time when Brancusi considered the material that best suits human representation is the wood: the life of a tree is been converted into the life of a human creature.

1917 - Young torso – Paris

1918 - The Endless Column-wood-
The Endless ColumnThis is the first version of the endless column, it was carved from a oak, in the memory of those fallen in the World War I, although some researchers argue that
Brancusi had carved some versions as early as 1909 .

1918 - Head of Socrate – Paris

1918 - Chimera
himeraCarved in oak it resembles a strange creatures with huge eyes. It sits on a base which again incorporates the oval theme.
Along with Socrates and Buddha's spirit, this sculpture breaks the closed volume,
using vacuum as a constituent of sculptural space and assembling several forms in the same sculpture as new elements in his art style.

The golden bird
Brancusi The golden birdDue to its simplified forms, this bird is different from the Mythical Bird. It is taller and it is about a meter long and its feet have disappeared completely.
Brancusi straightnes the back of the bird and thins the bottom of the sculpture, this makes the chest look prominent.

1920 - The Beginning of the World
Brancusi The Beginning of the WorldThis work, done in marble, integrates the entire vision of the cosmos.
This first version is almost identical in dimensions to the "Sculpture for the Blind", probably to emphasize the continuity of conception.

1920 - The portrait of lady Eugen Meyer Jr. – Paris

1921 - Adam and Eve
Brancusi Adam and EveAdam, the freestanding sculpture now becomes a socket for Eve. Adam is carved in oak and Eve is carved in walnut.
Adam now has an allegorical meaning: the support the man is giving. Brancusi tries to ilustrate a belief from his village in Oltenia: that the man must be supportive of his woman.
Eva is made of soft spherical shapes to convey sensualism, while Adam is made with zigzag edges.

1922 - The fish
Brancusi The FishThis is the first version of the fish. The work is done in marble and it is placed a few inches above a mirror whose diameter is almost equal to the length of the sculpture.
The artist imagined the fish floating on a lake in a park.

1922 – Rooster – Paris

1922 - Socrates

Brancusi SocratesThe scultpture is made out of wood in 1922 in Paris.

1923 - Leda – Paris

1923 - The bird in the air
Brancusi The bird in the airIn 1923, Brancusi makes a version of this sculpture in yellow marble that is now at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
All the versions of The Bird in the air are attached to the socket by a metal rod that penetrates both the base and the bird.

1924 - Blondie
Brancusi BlondieThe structure of this sculpture is based on the simplicity of the oval shape. The sculpture is an egg resting on the edge of a cylinder that serves it as a pedestal.

1924 – Crocodile Temple - Saint Raphael

1924 - Sophisticated girl – Paris

1925 - Chieftain
Brancusi ChieftainThe sculpture reminds us of the the masks used by the tribes of Liberia. It was made in 2 versions.

1927 - The fish
Brancusi The fishIn this sculpture the height is smaller than the length and therefore is gives an elongated impression.
Dan Grigorescu: Brancusi's sculptures give the feeling of movement, they are standing still in a space that seems to be in a perpetual motion.

1928 - The Grave stone of Sandei Polizu-Micsunesti
Brancusi carves the tombstone of his former student, Sanda Polizu-Micsunesti, the wife of writer Joseph Kessel, buried in Montparnasse cemetery. He also intended to place a sculpture above it but his desire could not be done.

1929 - The portrait of A. Fundoianu
The artist draws the portrait of A. Fundoianu that appears, in 1930, on the cover of the volume "Privelisti".

1930 - New born
Brancusi New bornBrancusi made ​​the New Born sculpture out of staineless steel while waiting for the order to make a 30 m high bird sculpture, which was to be located on one of the hills owned by Count Charles de Noailles. Brancusi went to Nantes to gather informations and made several sculptures there, including this one.

1931 - 1936 - Birds in the air
Brancusi Birds in the airThis is a white marble sculpture made for Yeswant Rao Holkar Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, which will also order another version in black marble that Brancusi will make in the same period.
These two sculptures along with the polished bronze bird that Maharajah had bought in 1933 should have been placed in the Temple of Meditation in Indore, but the project was not completed.


Fireplace – 1934
Brancusi builds in Quincy Voisin, at the residence of Maurice Raynal, a fireplace similar to the one in his workshop.

1936 - The Seal
Brancusi The SealThe sculpture, which is also called The Miracle, is executed in marble with gray veins.
It's a simple form, it should symbolize a body rising from the ground.

1937 - The Endless Column
The Endless ColumnThis is his masterpiece, considered to be the synthesis of all his search in his lifetime and the essence of Brancusi's works,this is on of the most celebrated sculptures of the XX century.
The sculpture is in a perfect balance, the 16 elements of the column were made in September 1937 in Petrosani's manufacturing plants, and weighs 14,226 kg.
It is a stylization specific to the funeral columns in southern Romania.
Its original name was The Endless Gratitude Column endless and it was dedicated to all the romanian soldiers that died in World War I in 1916 on the banks of the river Jiu.

1937 - The kissing gate
The kissing gateThe Kissing Gate, which is located on the alley right at the entry of Targu Jiu city park, is graved out of porous stone, extracted from quarries located in the neighborhood,
consisting of thick columns, rectangular, which supports an architrave with dimensions larger than the columns, with width of 6.45 m, height 5.13 m
and thickness of 1.69 m. On the faces of every column the kissing symbol can be found, the two halves of a circle, so characteristic to Brancusi's sculptures.

1937 - The table of silence
The table of silenceThe first version of table had a diameter of 200 cm, but Brancusi orders a second one, with a diameter of 215 cm, which he places over the first.
The sculptor said: The line of the Table of Silence represents the closed circle curve that gathers, attaches and binds.

1938 - The king of kings
Brancusi the king of kingsThis marvalous sculpture made out of oak was originally planned to stay inside the Temple of Meditation in India, but the temple was never made.
The King of kings can be interpreted as an attempt by Brancusi to portray into the sculpture the religious power in the East.
The original name was to be The Spirit of Buddha, and Brancusi was well known to be familiar with the Buddhism due to the writings of the tibetan philosopher Milarepa.

1940 - Turtle
Brancusi TurtleThis work is done from pear wood. Although much is deciphered, the round shell, the feet, the head, there still appears to be the same slow movement that is also symbolized in The Seal.

1943 - Flying turtle
Flying turtleThis will be his last sculpture. The turtle seems to be ready to take off and rise to the sky, embodying the opposition between crawling and flying.