Constantin Brancusi Biography

(b. 19 february 1876, Hobita, Gorj — d. 16 march 1957, Paris)
Brancusi at old age

Brancusi returns in Romania after reciving a request made by The National League of Womens from brancusi 3 Targu Jiu, who wanted to dedicate a monument to the heroes who died during The First World War. Soon after arrival he began working on The Kissing GateThe Table of Silence and The Endless Column (1937-1938) - the masterpiece of the great artist .
Here, as in other works, Brancusi founds the dimensions of folk art, of the entire Romanian cultural heritage, which was introduced in the agitated ambient of modern art.
A clear solar principle, a need for order and rationality, guides the folk artist towards approaching the essence of reality. The constructive attitude and positive, that emanates from this life events makes Brancusi one of the artists who decisive marked the evolution of modern sculpture.
He proposes - a unique echo in the artistic consciousness of the first half of the century, echoing long and prestigious even in the art of our days - a new integration of spirituality and sensibility. The geomtery fascination that impose a Cartesian rigorousity in designing the space meets a constant tension expressed with a warmth and emotial understanding.

The revelation of ancient culture gives not only a sum of morphology but rather a moral and psilosophical structure. By taking language elements from the popular culture, Brancusi enhances his work with mystical forces. The sculptor, "Genius loci of Romania", as the Giulio Carlo Aragon named him, is fascinated by the dawn of human birth, discovered in the flow of time crucial momments of life - birth, love, work, creation, death. Located in Orastie Mountains, the great Dacian santcuaries with a circular form and closed space are measuring the flow of time and reinvigorates the spirit. Brancusi wanted to symbolize this as a evocative point, where time - past, present and future are unified.
Growing impetuous on vertical, the column is hiding in its simplicity the building effort required,in order to keep simple and peristent the meaning of human ascension, the aspiration towards light and reason.

By the year 1940, Brancusi's activity was reaching its highest magnitude. Some of his best works, including Birds in the air and wood sculptures dates from this period. 
At the same time, Brancusi attends the most important exhibitions in USA, Frace, Switzerland, Holland, England. In 1943 he made his last work, The Flying Turtle .
At his workshop in Impasse Ronsin, in the center of Paris, Brancusi created a world of his own based on romanian tradition and design. The National Museum of Modern Art in Paris (Centre Pompidou) have an important number of works made by Brancusi, including all his works in his workshop. Brancusi wanted to leave all his inheritance to Romania, but his will was refused by the communist goverment of Romania in the 1950. Fortunately Frace gladly accepted Brancusi's works after his death at the age of 81.

In 1957, Brancusi calls for the Archbishop Theophilus, priest of the Orthodox Church. 
Brancusi confesses: "I die with a sad heart because I can not return to my country" .
On 16th March 1957 at 2 a.m. Brancusi dies and on 19th March he is buried in the Montparnasse Cemetry in Paris.
In Romania, in the era of socialism, Brancusi was challenged as one of the representatives of the bourgeois movment. However, in December 1956, at the Republic Art Museum in Bucharest, the first solo exhibition of Brancusi was opened. Only in 1964, Brancusi was recognized in Romania as a national genius and, consequently, the whole monument in Targu Jiu, The Endless Column, The Kiss Gate, and The Table of Silence could be arranged and cared for after being abondoned for more than a quarter century and been nearly destroyed.