Constantin Brancusi Biography

(b. 19 february 1876, Hobita, Gorj — d. 16 march 1957, Paris)
Brancusi at adulthood

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In 1907, because of the interventions made by the Queen Elisabeth of Romania (Carmen Silas), of Mary Bengescu and of Otiliei Cozmuta,brancusi Brancusi is accepted as a practitioner at the Auguste Rodin's workshop. A fantastic opportunity for young Romanian sculptor, especially because he greatly admired the French sculptor,and was deeply influenced by his style. But in the same spirit of independence that it would dominate all his life, Brancusi left Rodin after just two months, content to declare that "Nothing can grow in the shade of trees".
He later had to admit that due to Rodin, the sculpture regained its meaning and human dimension. After this unexpected separation from Rodin's school, Brancusi began gradually to form his own style, a revolutionary, soon becoming one of the best known representatives of modernism in art. Brancusi used to make his works in clay or plaster, then pour them in bronze, but after his separation from his master,he returned to what he loved most: carving.
In 1908 he finally abandoned any other techniques, preferring to carve and work, whether it was wood, marble or stone.

He begins to be almost certain of the patch he was taking. The delicate shaping, sensible to the light, takes him away from the Impressionism style and begins, under the affirmation of rationalistic trends, including Cubism, a long struggle to capture the essence of what is sustainable.
He exposes for the first time in Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 1906.

The Kissa first version that will continue in various forms until 1940, culminating in The Kisssing Gate part of the Monumental Ensemble of Targu Jiu.
In 1907 he rents a studio in Rue de Montparnasse and enters in contact with the Parisian artistic avantgarde and begins a friendship with Guillaume Apollinaire, Fernand Léger, Amedeo Modigliani, Marcel Duchamp.
He will begin his work on The Prayer (1910), an order for a funerary monument to be displayed in the Cemetery "Grove" in Buzau. The Sleep (1908), The Sleeping Muse (1909-1910), The Gorgeous Bird (1910),Prometheus (1911), Miss Pogany (1912-1933 series), The First Step (1913) are works which marks his tendency towards archaic art values. In this period he become friend with Amedeo Modigliani. Another friend is the painter Henri Rousseau, Brancusi prophesied saying to him : "...You have transformed the ancient in to modern."

The sculptor - becoming better known - enjoyes his success in the U.S., New York, where, in 1913, participates at the International Exhibition of Modern Art and opened his first personal exhibition at "Photo Secession Gallery" causing an enormous sensation .
He presents "The Artistic Youth", "The Romanian Art", "Contimporanul" . 
At his workshop many artists will come to work: Irina Codreanu, Milita Petrascu, Constantine Antonovici, Isamu Noguchi, George Teodorescu and so on.
The american collector John Quinn buys several sculptures, and assuring him a favorable material existence of artistic creation.
That same year, the romanian Interior Minister rejects the monument of Spiru Haret commissioned a year earlier. Brancusi will keep the work in the workshop and will entitle it, The Fountain of Narcissus. In 1915, he starts his first works in wood: 2 Caryatids, The Prodigal Son. In Paris in 1919, the volume "La Roumanie en images" is published with five reproductions of works by Brancusi. A year later, he participate at the group exhibition "La Section d'Or in France, at the group exhibition "The Romanian Art "at the invitation of Camil Ressu in Romania," at the Dada Festival, where he signs the manifesto entitled "Contre Cubism, contre Dadaiseme".
In 1921, in the Little Review magazine in New York, the first major study of 24 reproductions of Brancusi's work, signed by American poet Ezra Pound is published. Besides, the sculptor will create him a famous portrait.

The sculptor seeks the basic principles of form, releasing a more superfluous aspects. The structural shaping of organic forms occurs with the tendency towards primary forms, towards the genesis of life (Princess X, 1916,The first shout, in 1917, New born 1920, Miss PoganyLeda, 1920, Beginning of the World, 1924). 
In 1923, The "Birds in the air" series brings the ideea of reaching the space, the possibility of transcending existence.Sometimes - for example, The Endless Columns between 1918-1928 - the idea of raising is ensured by the vertical arrangement of geometrical modules forms.
On November 30, 1924, Constantin Brancusi presents at the first international exhibition hold by the group "Contimporanul" Bucharest the works: The Kiss , Gorgeous birdMiss Pogany and Head .
Two years later, the Wildenstein Galleries, New York, opens the second solo exhibition of Brancusi works.
He continues the series of exhibitions: 1926 - At the "Independent Salon" in Bucharest presents "The Sleeping Muse"- in blue, mentioning that is a sculpture for the blind people; participates at the 37th exhibition "Societe des Artistes Independants"; at the exhibition " Salon du franc " at the Galliera Museum presents "new born".
The sculpture "New Born" is purchased by Rolf de Mare for the sum of 7000 francs.
In 1927 he attends the International Exhibition of Modern Art at the Art Gallery in Tornto.

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